Laboratory

AP

Full form/Meaning: Alkaline Phosphatase   Definition: Alkaline Phosphatases are a group of enzymes found mainly in the liver and bone. This enzyme functions well in alkaline pH (usually a pH of 10). It is frequently used to look at the health of the gallbladder. .   Usage in Sentence: “The patients AP is elevated and […]

LE

Acronym for Lower Extremity Acronym for Leukocyte Esterase

ABG

Full form/ Meaning: Arterial Blood Gas   Definition: Arterial Blood Gas. “Let’s get an ABG.” The ABG is useful for looking at oxygenation and ventilation of a patient, or how they are breathing. Abnormal ABG’s can lead a doctor to want to intubate the patient and help him /her breathe. The key things that most […]

BUN

Blood Urea nitrogen

sed rate

Erythrocyte sedimination rate, a laboratory value used to determine the amount of inflammation in the body. Usually referred to as ESR. “The sed rate is elevated and thus the patient may have a rheumatological disorder causing her hand pain.”

ESR

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate. a laboratory value used to determine the amount of inflammation in the body. Usually referred to as ESR. “The ESR is elevated and thus the patient may have a rheumatological disorder causing her hand pain.”

K

Potassium. “the patients K was 5.5.”

LFT

Liver Function Test; a type of laboratory value. “We drew LFT’s and noted they were elevated.”

mg

Magnesium, a type of electrolyte. “the patient had an arrythmia and thus was given 2g IV Mg.”

AST

Full form/ Meaning: Aspartate Aminotransferase Definition: AST is a cellular enzyme present in many tissues of the body such as heart liver, kidney, pancreas, brain, or erythrocytes. It is usually released during cell damage. Determination of AST activity in blood is useful in assessing the level of damage of these tissues. AST is frequently used […]