Laboratory

AP

Full form/Meaning: Alkaline Phosphatase   Definition: Alkaline Phosphatases are a group of enzymes found mainly in the liver and bone. This enzyme functions well in alkaline pH (usually a pH of 10). It is frequently used to look at the health of the gallbladder. .   Usage in Sentence: “The patients AP is elevated and […]

LE

Acronym for Lower Extremity Acronym for Leukocyte Esterase

ESR

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate. a laboratory value used to determine the amount of inflammation in the body. Usually referred to as ESR. “The ESR is elevated and thus the patient may have a rheumatological disorder causing her hand pain.”

sed rate

Erythrocyte sedimination rate, a laboratory value used to determine the amount of inflammation in the body. Usually referred to as ESR. “The sed rate is elevated and thus the patient may have a rheumatological disorder causing her hand pain.”

BUN

Blood Urea nitrogen

ABG

Full form/ Meaning: Arterial Blood Gas   Definition: Arterial Blood Gas. “Let’s get an ABG.” The ABG is useful for looking at oxygenation and ventilation of a patient, or how they are breathing. Abnormal ABG’s can lead a doctor to want to intubate the patient and help him /her breathe. The key things that most […]

mg

Magnesium, a type of electrolyte. “the patient had an arrythmia and thus was given 2g IV Mg.”

LFT

Liver Function Test; a type of laboratory value. “We drew LFT’s and noted they were elevated.”

ALT

Full form/Meaning: Alanine Aminotransferase   Definition: Alanine aminotransferase is a cellular enzyme primarily located in the hepatocytes. Like the AST, the ALT is released into the blood during the cell damage. Thus, the determination of its activity in serum is also used to assess the level liver damage. Unlike the AST that has both cytoplasmic […]

K

Potassium. “the patients K was 5.5.”