Umbilical Catheter

A small plastic tube of the umbilical (belly button) blood vessels (either an artery or a vein).

Ultrasound of the head

A test done using soundwaves which shows an image of the brain. The test is not harmful or painful to the baby and may be done at the bedside.


Giving donated blood to the baby by vein or artery.


A surgical opening in the trachea, below the larynx (voice box) to allow air to enter the lungs; usually done to by-pass a narrowing in the area immediately below the larynx.


A material secreted by special cells within alveoli (air sacs) of the lung, which makes the lung flexible and helps to keep the lung from collapsing. Deficiency of surfactant is the main problem in Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS). Commercial products are available which can be put into the lungs through the tube in the windpipe. […]

Supra-Pubic Tap

Obtaining an uncontaminated sample of urine by first cleaning off the lower abdomen, then insertir a needle directly into the urinary bladder.

Septic Workup

An assortment of tests performed on an infant who is suspected of having an infection. This may include a chest x-ray and/or abdominal x-ray, as well as blood, urine and spinal fluid cultures. Because infections in babies can progress very rapidly, the baby is frequently started on antibiotics until the results of the cultures are […]


Infection of the blood. See also MENINGITIS, NECROTIZING, ENTEROCOLITIS..


A “short circuiting” of the electrical activity in the brain, sometimes causing involuntary muscle activity or stiffening. There are many causes of seizures. If your child has a seizure, speak with your baby’s doctor about this condition and its implications.

Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS)

A common breathing problem of premature infants caused by insufficient surfactant in the baby’s lung. This results in an excessive stiffness of the baby’s lungs. See also SURFACTANT.