AST

Full form/ Meaning:

Aspartate Aminotransferase

Definition:

AST is a cellular enzyme present in many tissues of the body such as heart liver, kidney, pancreas, brain, or erythrocytes. It is usually released during cell damage. Determination of AST activity in blood is useful in assessing the level of damage of these tissues. AST is frequently used to look at the health of the liver.

Usage in Sentence:

“The patients AST/ALT ratio is greater than 2:1 and thus the liver failure is likely from alcohol use.”

Do you know?

In the blood serum of healthy adults, AST has a concentration of around 5 to 40 U/L (Huang, et al., 2006).

References

Huang, X.J., Choi, Y.K., Im, H.S., Yarimaga, O., Yoon, E., Kim, H.S. (2006). Aspartate aminotransferase (AST/GOT) and Alanine aminotransferase (ALT/GPT) detection techniques. Sensors, 6, 756–782.

 

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